Application Guidelines

general | cereals and grasses | lawn and turf | vegetables and melons | fruits and nuts | oilseed Crops | root/tuber crops | spice crops | hydroponics | other

The following application guidelines are offered as a tool for anyone making application recommendations. Many factors are considered when making application recommendations including:

The application timing and rates may be changed to fit a particular situation that is impacted by one or more of the above mentioned factors.

In organic operations, it is recommended that all application rates be increased 100 percent of traditional applications for conventionally grown crops (conventional rate of 1 gal/acre will increase to 2 gal/acre). This increase is recommended because the build-up of residual soil nutrients in organic fields is typically less than that found in conventionally fertilized fields. Additionally, organic fertilizer products tend to have a slow release of nutrients compared to that of chemical fertilizers. Number and frequency of applications may also have to be increased for the same reasons.

We do recommend consulting a current soil report when making application decisions. Additionally, as a general rule, we recommend a 20% -50% reduction of the standard N-P-K rate when using in conjunction with SumaGrow products.

Notice - for Optimal Results

Agitation

Co-Application

Area Weight and Volume
1 hectare = 2.5 acres 1 ounce = 28 grams 1 pound = 0.45 kilograms 1 fluid ounce = 30 milliliters 1 gallon = 3.8 liters
1 acre = 0.4 hectares 1 gram = 0.035 ounces 1 kilogram = 2.2 pounds 1 milliliter = 0.03 fluid ounces 1 liter = 0.26 gallons

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Cereals and Grasses

Cereals:

  1. Apply 0.5 gal/acre at 2-3 leaf stage.
  2. Apply 0.5 gal/acre 3–4 weeks after initial application.

Rice:

Sprouted seeds

  1. Apply 1 gal/acre at 2-3 leaf stage.
  2. Apply 0.5 gal/acre at flag leaf/boot leaf/pre-flowering stage for optimal performance or for organic cultivation.

Transplants

  1. Apply 1 gal/acre after transplant.
  2. Apply 0.5 gal/acre at flag leaf/boot leaf/pre-flowering stage for optimal performance or organic production.

Sugarcane:

New Sets

  1. Apply 1 gal/acre on sets at planting
  2. Apply 0.5 gal/acre 3-4 weeks after initial application

Ratoon

  1. Apply 1 gal/acre at emergence
  2. Apply 0.5 gal/acre 3-4 weeks after initial application

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lawn and Turf

Athletic Fields:

  1. Apply 6 oz per 1,000 sq./ft. at spring green-up
  2. Apply 4 oz per 1,000 sq./ft. two more times during the growing season

Golf Courses:

  1. Apply 2 gal/acre (or 6 oz. per 1,000 sq./ft.) for first application. This application should be as close to spring green-up as possible for greens and fairways
  2. Fairways: Apply 4 oz. per 1,000 sq/ft every other month on fairways during the growing season as needed
  3. Greens: Apply 4 oz. per 1,000 sq/ft monthly during the growing season as needed

Home Lawn:

  1. Apply 4 oz. per 1,000 sq./ft. spring green-up or first treatment
  2. Apply 4 oz. per 1,000 sq./ft. every 4-6 weeks during growing season as needed

Turf Farms:

  1. Apply 0.5 gal/acre at spring green-up
  2. Apply 0.5 gal/acre up to two more times during the growing season as needed

Dilutions rates are generally recommended at 1:20 or 1:32 (4-6 oz./gallon). SumaGrow® products can be diluted further with more frequent applications

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Vegetables and Melons

Basil

  1. Apply 0.5 gal/acre at emergence.
  2. Apply 0.5 gal/acre 3-4 weeks later as needed

Fruit-Bearing Vegetables:

  1. Transplants – Dip roots using 6 oz. SumaGrow® per gallon of water. Use the remaining product to water the transplants.
  2. Apply 0.5 gal/acre after planting/sowing.
  3. Apply 0.5 gal/acre 3-4 weeks later.

Home Vegetable Garden:

  1. To transplant: Dip roots in 6 oz SumaGrow® per gallon of water. Apply every 2-3 weeks to soil around plants using 3 oz. per gallon of water.
  2. Seeded Crops: Apply to row at planting using 6 oz. SumaGrow® per gallon of water per 1,000 sq ft Apply every 2-3 weeks as needed using 3 oz. per gallon of water.

Leafy or Stem Vegetables:

  1. Transplants – Dip roots using 6 oz SumaGrow® per gallon of water. Use remaining product to water the transplants.
  2. Apply 0.5 gal/acre after planting/sowing.
  3. Apply 0.5 gal/acre 3-4 weeks later.

Onions*

  1. Apply 0.5 gal/acre directly over the row at emergence.
  2. Apply 0.5 gal/acre 3-4 weeks later.

Root, Bulb or Tuberous Vegetables:

  1. Apply 0.5 gal/acre at emergence.
  2. Apply 0.5 gal/acre 3-4 weeks later.

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Fruit and Nuts

Banana:

  1. Apply 0.5 gal/acre at the beginning of the growing season.
  2. Apply 0.5 gal/acre 3-4 weeks after the initial application with an optimal 3rd application mid-growing season.

Berries:

  1. Apply 0.5 gal/acre at early bud break.
  2. Apply 0.5 gal/acre at 3-4 weeks after 1st application.

Grapes:

  1. Apply 1.5 gal/acre each year in 3 split applications (early growth, pre-flowering, post fruit set).

Pineapple

  1. Apply 0.5 gal/acre at planting.
  2. Apply 0.5 gal/acre 3 weeks later

Pome Fruits and Stone Fruits:

  1. Apply 1 gal/acre at planting.
  2. After establishment: Apply 1.5 gal/acre each year in 3 split applications (0.5 gal/acre at bud break, 0.5 gal/acre before bloom set, 0.5 gal/acre after fruit set).

Strawberries:

  1. Apply 0.5 gal/acre at planting.
  2. Apply 0.5 gal/acre at 3-4 weeks after 1st application.

Tropical, Subtropical, and Citrus Fruits:

Young Plants

  1. During the first two years, mix 0.5-1 gal/acre of SumaGrow® at a 1:20 or 1:32 dilution ratio and apply at planting or spring green-up.

Mature Plants

  1. First application 0.5 gal/acre immediately after harvest in tropical locations, or at spring green-up in temporal locations.
  2. Apply 0.5 gal/acre each year split into 2-3 applications: Following initial application, a second application should be made 1-2 weeks before blooming, while the final application should be made 1-2 weeks after the fruit has set.

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Oilseed Crops

Oil Palm, Coconuts, Other Oleaginous Fruits:

Nursery Stage:

  1. Mix 14 oz. of SumaGrow® in 1 gallon of water and apply in a dip solution to transplants.

1-3 Years of Growth:

  1. Apply 1.5 gal/acre in split applications of 0.5 gallon at 4 month intervals every year.

Mature Plants (3+):

  1. Apply 1 gal/acre during vegetative growth phase.

Time applications with onset of foliage and bud formation.

Peanuts:

  1. Apply 1 gal/acre at emergence.
  2. Apply 0.5 gal/acre at “pegging”.

Soybeans:

  1. Apply 0.5 gal/acre at emergence.
  2. An additional application of 0.5 gal/acre 3-4 weeks after initial application is optimal.

Other Temporary Oilseed Crops:

  1. Apply 0.5 gal/acre at emergence.
  2. Apply 0.5 gal/acre 3-4 weeks after initial application.

Dilution for Tree Root Dip and Planting:

  1. Remove the tree from its container. A root dip in SumaGrow® before planting using a mixture of 14oz. SumaGrow per gallon of water is recommended.
  2. Apply 1 gal/acre at 15 days after planting followed an optimal 2nd application mid-growing season.

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Root/Tuber Crops

Root/Tuber Crops:

  1. Apply 0.5 gal/acre at emergence.
  2. Apply 0.5 gal/acre 3-4 weeks after initial application.

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Leguminous Crops:

Leguminous Crops:

  1. Apply 0.5 gal/acre at emergence.
  2. Apply 0.5 gal/acre 3-4 weeks after emergence.

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Spice Crops

Black Pepper:

  1. Apply 0.5 gal/ acre at emergence.
  2. Apply 0.5 gal/acre prior to flowering.

Coffee:

  1. Apply 1.5 gal/acre per year across the growing season.
  2. Apply 0.5 gal/acre before blooming (1-2 weeks), 0.5 gal/acre at berry set plus 0.5 gallon/acre mid-growing season.

Tea:

  1. Apply 1.5 gal/acre per year split across the growing season

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Hydroponics

Hydroponics:

Initial Application:

  1. Apply 1-2 gal/acre (3-6 oz per 1,000 sq. ft.).

Rate per plant:

  1. Divide the number of plants stocked per 1,000 sq. ft. into rate per 1,000 sq. ft.
    200 plants per 1,000 sq. ft.
    3 oz. per 1,000 sq. ft.
    3/200 = 0.015 oz or 0.5 ml per plant

Subsequent Applications:

  1. Apply 10 oz. per acre or 1⁄4 oz. per 1,000 sq. ft. once a week during growing season.

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Other Crops

Nursery Crops:

  1. If injection is possible, apply 32 oz per acre or 3⁄4 oz per 1,000 sq ft every 3 weeks
  2. Or apply as a “Sprench”, a heavy spray to ground surface and foliage at approximately 32 oz. per acre or 3.75 oz per 1,000 sq. ft.
  3. If plants have reached optimum size in the pots and are showing moisture stress (wilting, drooping, leaf graying, yellowing, & abscission of lower foliage), the appropriate formulation can be reapplied at the initial rate to help reduce moisture stress

Permanent Flower Crops:

Dilution for root dip and planting:

  1. Add 6oz. of SumaGrow® to 1 gallon of water to dip roots before planting/transplanting.
  2. Add any remaining solution around plants.

For Established Plants:

  1. Mix 8 oz. in 2 gallons of water and apply to 1,000 sq. ft. First applications should be made at the beginning of the growing season.
  2. Apply a 2nd application before flowering using the same application procedure as the 1st.

Other Permanent Crops (Pine/Christmas Trees):

  1. Mix 14oz. of SumaGrow® per gallon of water – the diluted solution can then be used for seedling root dips.
  2. The leftover solution can be added at the time of planting.
  3. Mix 6 oz of SumaGrow® per gallon of water and apply per 1,000 square feet.

Temporary/Permanent Grass Crops (Pasture & Hay):

Establishment:

  1. Apply 0.5 gal/acre at seeding/sprigging.
  2. Apply 0.5 gal/acre 4 weeks after initial application.

Maintenance (Pastures):

  1. Apply 0.5 gal/acre at green-up.
  2. Apply 0.5 gal/acre mid-growing season as needed.

Hay Fields:

  1. Apply 0.5 gal/acre at green-up.
  2. Apply 0.5 gal/acre after cutting of hay as needed.

Temporary Fiber Crops:

  1. Apply 0.5 gal/acre at emergence.
  2. Apply 0.5 gal/acre 3-4 weeks after initial application.

Temporary Flower Crops (Indoor/Outdoor Potted Plants):

  1. Apply 1 cup of SumaGrow® mixture (6 oz./ per gallon of water) once per month.

Tobacco:

  1. Apply 1 gal/acre after transplanting.
  2. Apply 0.5 gal/acre 3-4 weeks after transplanting.

Nutrients can be reduced while using SumaGrow,® Inside products. The nutritional recommendations is the individual Grower’s responsibility, not that of Bio Soil Enhancers, Inc.

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general | cereals and grasses | lawn and turf | vegetables and melons | fruits and nuts | oilseed Crops | root/tuber crops | spice crops | leguminous crops | other crops